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Table 1 Characteristics of healthy and diseased trumpet players

From: Tongue involvement in embouchure dystonia: new piloting results using real-time MRI of trumpet players

Subj. Health status Age / years Gender Professional Status Months since diagnosis Symptoms
1 H 23 M Semi-prof.  
2 H 26 M Student  
3 H 21 F Student  
4 H 44 M Professor  
5 H 25 M Student  
6 H 24 M Student  
7 H 18 M Student  
8 H 26 M Student  
9 H 23 M Student  
10 H 19 F Student  
11 D 51 M Professional 20 Tone initiation problems
12 D 59 M Professional 17 Tongue cramping
13 D 54 M Professional 60 Lip cramping, sensory lip deficits
14 D 47 M Professional 49 Breaking up of tones, problems with slurring
  1. H = healthy; D = diseased; M = male, F = female
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