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Table 3 Clinical variables of the two groups enrolled in the study and their comparisons at each time point

From: Effects of a sensory-motor orthotic on postural instability rehabilitation in Parkinson’s disease: a pilot study

  PSM Group CTRL Group Statistic
post-hoc TIME
Motor UPDRS section III at T0-Baseline 40.87 ± 6.01 39.00 ± 11.89  
Motor UPDRS section III at T1-Discharge 37.12 ± 6.66 36.90 ± 12.02 p < 0.01
Motor UPDRS section III at T2-Follow up 35.55 ± 6.57 36.80 ± 11.80 p < 0.01
Berg Balance Scale T0-Baseline 45.63 ± 5.92 45.12 ± 4.58  
Berg Balance Scale T1-Discharge 49.3 ± 3.15 47.12 ± 5.05 p < 0.01
Berg Balance Scale T2-Follow up 50.1 ± 2.72 49.37 ± 5.35 p < 0.01
Falls T0-Baseline 1.45 ± 2.16 0.87 ± 0.99  
Falls T1-Discharge 0.45 ± 1.03 0.12 ± 0.31 p < 0.01
Falls T2-Follow up 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 N.A.
Timed Up and Go T0-Baseline 13.08 ± 2.17 13.8 ± 3.43  
Timed Up and Go T1-Discharge 12.13 ± 1.35 12.8 ± 2.81 p = 0.01
Timed Up and Go T2-Follow up 10.81 ± 1.07 13.2 ± 2.75 p < 0.01
6MWT T0-Baseline 305.64 ± 48.89 319.8 ± 48.59  
6MWT T1-Discharge 335.64 ± 44.09 332.5 ± 66.00 p = 0.03
6MWT T2-Follow up 342.2 ± 59.99 328.38 ± 70.18 p = 0.01
PDQ-39 T0-Baseline 57.7 ± 22.93 59 ± 14.38  
PDQ-39 T1-Discharge 54.36 ± 24.47 49.5 ± 20.52 p = 0.03
PDQ-39 T2-Follow up 52.1 ± 27.44 51.25 ± 19.46 p = 0.02
  1. Exp, Experimental, CTRL Control, UPDRS Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale, 6MWT Six Meters Walking Test, PDQ-39 Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 items. N.A., not applicable
  2. P values represent the post hoc analysis (T0 vs T1 and T0 vs T2) when a main effect of TIME was detected with Repeated Measures ANOVA